Elemash Machine-building plant (an enterprise of Rosatom’s TVEL Fuel Company in Elektrostal, Moscow region) has launched a production site for fuel fabrication for the CFR-600 reactor, China’s flagship project in the field of fast neutron reactors.
The enterprise has modernized the whole shop-floor for fast reactors, which involved development and installation of unique equipment. The “dummy” fuel bundles for CFR-600 are already manufactured for testing.
The new production site was established for fulfillment of the contract between TVEL and the Chinese company CNLY (a subsidiary of CNNC Corporation) for supply of uranium fuel for the CFR-600 reactor, including start-up loading, as well as refueling for the first seven years of the power unit operation. The start of the CFR-600 fuel supplies to China is scheduled for 2023.
“Russian nuclear industry has a unique forty years long experience in fast reactors operation and production of fuel for such installations. The Fuel Division of Rosatom fully accomplishes its obligations within the Russian-Chinese cooperation in development of fast reactor technologies. These are unique projects when foreign design fuel is produced in Russia. Since 2010, the first Chinese fast breeder reactor CEFR has been operating on fuel manufactured at Elemash plant, and to provide the supply of the CFR-600 fuel, a team of the Elemash and TVEL specialists has successfully completed a complex high-tech project to modernize the fabrication facility”, Natalia Nikipelova, President of TVEL JSC, has commented.
The new equipment will be also used to produce fuel for both Chinese CFR-600 and CEFR fast reactors, as well as for the Russian BN-600 reactor of the Beloyarsk NPP. In the near future, production of the standard BN-600 will start on the new shop-floor.
The CFR-600 fuel contract was signed in compliance of the agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the joint construction and operation of the demonstration fast reactor in China. It is a part of a large-scale program of bilateral cooperation in nuclear industry for the decades ahead. In particular, the agreement covers construction of innovative power units of the Russian design (generation III +) with VVER-1200 reactors at two sites in China - Tianwan NPP and Xudabao NPP. The package of intergovernmental documents and framework contracts for these projects was signed in 2018, during the visit of Russia’s President Vladimir Putin to Beijing and meeting with President of China Xi Jinping.
TVEL Fuel Company, in addition to manufacturing of enriched uranium fuel, also actively develops and implements technologies for fabrication of uranium-plutonium fuel for fast reactors from secondary products of nuclear fuel cycle. In particular, at the Mining and Chemical Combine in Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk region, a production of oxide MOX fuel was established, this fuel is already being supplied for the BN-800 reactor of the Beloyarsk NPP. At the site of the Siberian Chemical Combine in Seversk, Tomsk Region, a facility for fabrication of nitride MNUP fuel for the future BREST-OD-300 reactor is under construction.
TVEL Fuel Company of Rosatom (Fuel Division of Rosatom State Corporation) includes facilities for nuclear fuel fabrication, uranium conversion and enrichment, gas centrifuges manufacturing, as well as research and development enterprises. Being the sole supplier of the Russian nuclear power plants, TVEL provides fuel for 75 power reactors in 15 countries in total, research reactors in nine countries, as well as reactors of the Russian nuclear vessels fleet. Every sixth commercial reactor in the world runs on TVEL fuel. The Fuel Division of Rosatom is the world's largest producer of enriched uranium.
The Fuel Division is dynamically developing new businesses in the field of chemistry, metallurgy, energy storage, additive manufacturing, digital solutions, as well as decommissioning of nuclear facilities. TVEL’s corporate structure also includes the Rosatom’s integrator companies for development of additive technologies and energy storage systems. http://www.tvel.ru