Atomenergomash, the machine building division of Russia’s Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation, continues manufacturing of heat exchange equipment for Unit 4 of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in India. The second steam generator has been shipped to the construction site in Tamil Nadu.
The equipment will reach India using multi-modal transport – this is a complex logistical operation. From Volgodonsk by road and water transport to Saint-Petersburg port, then by water transport through Baltic and Mediterranean seas, Suez Canal, Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The length of the route is 21,000 kilometers.
In the nuclear power plant heat is removed from the reactor core by the coolant, which passes through the core. This thermal energy is used to produce water steam in the steam generator. Steam’s mechanical energy is supplied to the turbine generator where it goes into electricity.
The diameter of steam generators is over 4 m, length 15 m, and weight 340 tonnes. The set of equipment for one power unit of a nuclear power plant of this type includes four steam generators.
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation is the technical consultant and main equipment supplier to the Kudankulam NPP, which is being constructed in Tamil Nadu within the scope of Russian-Indian agreement of 1988 and its attachments dated 1998 and the agreement as of December 08, 2008.
In October 2013 Unit-1 of the Kudankulam NPP was connected to the southern power grid. In August 2016 Unit-2 of the Kudankulam NPP was connected to the power grid. Unit-3 and Unit-4 of the Kudankulam NPP are currently under construction. The contracts for construction of Unit-5 and Unit-6 have been signed and the preparatory works are in progress.